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Monday, 30 July 2018 00:00

How Did I Get My Flat Feet?

People who have the condition known as fallen arches, or flat feet, generally have feet that roll inward due to lack of arches. Both feet lie flat on the ground while standing, and this may cause shoes to wear out faster than usual, or wear out unevenly. Possible symptoms of this ailment may include swelling around the ankle and surrounding areas, and many patients experience pain in the feet because the ligaments and muscles may be strained. Research has shown the purpose of the arch is to evenly distribute weight across the feet, which supports the body. If the arch is absent, the feet may undergo stress in addition to damage being done to the tendons and ligaments. Having flat feet is a common foot condition, resulting from numerous causes. These may include inherited traits, injuries to the foot and ankle, or muscle diseases such as cerebral palsy. If you have the condition referred to as flat feet, please speak with a podiatrist who can properly guide you to correct treatment options.

Flatfoot

Flatfoot is a condition that occurs when the arches on the foot are flattened, which allows the soles of the feet to touch the floor. Flatfoot is a common condition and it is usually painless.

Throughout childhood, most people begin to develop arches in their feet, however, some do not. Those who do not develop arches are left with flatfoot. The pain associated with flat feet is usually at its worse when engaging in activity. Another symptom that may occur with those who have this condition is swelling along the inside of the ankle.

It is also possible to have flexible flatfoot. Flexible flatfoot occurs when the arch is visible while sitting or standing on the tiptoes, but it disappears when standing. People who have flexible flatfoot are often children and most outgrow it without any problems.

There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop flatfoot. Those who have diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of flatfoot development. Other factors include aging and obesity.

Diagnosis for flat feet is usually done by a series of tests by your podiatrist. Your podiatrist will typically try an x-ray, CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI on the feet. Treatment is usually not necessary for flat foot unless it causes pain. However, therapy is often used for those who experience pain in their flat feet. Some other suggested treatment options are arch supports, stretching exercises, and supportive shoes. 

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The majority of runners are fearful of incurring any type of running injury. This would generally conjure up thoughts of gaining unwanted weight and not receiving the endorphins that many runners typically enjoy. There are different types of injuries that may be common among runners, including Achilles tendinitis, which consists of pain and discomfort in the back of the heel and lower calf and shin splints where the pain commonly strikes the front of the lower leg. Additionally, patellar tendinitis may develop, which is an injury that affects the knee. Many painful injuries may be avoided by properly stretching the legs before and after running. Research has shown the importance wearing the correct shoes for the specific type of running that is pursued. If you experience an injury to your foot after running, it’s advised to consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis.

All runners should take extra precaution when trying to avoid injury. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists of Shore Podiatry. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

There are a lot of mistakes a runner can make prior to a workout that can induce injury. A lot of athletes tend to overstretch before running, instead of saving those workouts for a post-run routine. Deep lunges and hand-to-toe hamstring pulls should be performed after a workout instead of during a warmup. Another common mistake is jumping into an intense routine before your body is physically prepared for it. You should try to ease your way into long-distance running instead of forcing yourself to rush into it.

More Tips for Preventing Injury

  • Incorporate Strength Training Into Workouts - This will help improve the body’s overall athleticism
  • Improve and Maintain Your Flexibility – Stretching everyday will help improve overall performance
  • “Warm Up” Before Running and “Cool Down” Afterward – A warm up of 5-10 minutes helps get rid of lactic acid in the muscles and prevents delayed muscle soreness
  • Cross-Training is Crucial
  • Wear Proper Running Shoes
  • Have a Formal Gait Analysis – Poor biomechanics can easily cause injury

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Long Branch and Point Pleasant, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 16 July 2018 00:00

How to Online Shop for Shoes

For people who prefer to buy shoes online rather in store, it may be difficult to get your correct shoe size. One of the most important steps in buying a pair of shoes online is to look at the size conversion chart on the website. You should measure your foot at home and follow the size guide for each shoe you purchase. When measuring your feet, you should beware of the fact that one foot may likely be larger than the other. It is also important to note that socks play a major role in how your feet will measure out. When trying on winter boots, you should choose a size that will allow you extra room for when you wear thick socks in cold weather. Lastly, you should stick with brands you are familiar with when buying shoes online. This tip is helpful, because if you stick with a shoe brand you already own, you will know what size will fit you if you decide to order online.

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. Seek the assistance of one of our podiatrists from Shore Podiatry. Our doctors will provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people who wear shoes that are the incorrect size, negatively affecting their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process, so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to choosing the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot.
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes.
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently.
  • Purchase shoes later in the day, as your feet swell as the day progresses.
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat them right. Picking the right pair of shoes can provide your feet comfort and mobility without pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Long Branch and Point Pleasant, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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If the Achilles tendon is injured, it is typically accompanied by severe and intense pain. This particular tendon is located in the back of the heel and runs along the back of the calf. An Achilles rupture may occur in athletes who experience a forceful and sudden movement against resistance, such as jumping while engaged in football, basketball or similar sports. Typical symptoms may include difficulty or the inability to flex the foot in addition to extreme pain and discomfort. Bursitis may be another cause for the Achilles tendon to rupture. This may be due to the fact that inflammation may develop in the portion of the foot that protects the tendon. Age may be a factor with incurring this type of injury in addition to not training properly while exercising. If you tear your Achilles tendon, it’s strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist for additional information and suggestions about correct treatments.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Shore Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Long Branch and Point Pleasant, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Inflammation of the nerve, which runs along the inside of the foot and ankle, is often referred to as tarsal tunnel syndrome. It is typically a result of  overuse of the entire ankle and may often occur because walking or running is practiced for extended periods of time. Occasionally, a sudden injury may be a cause of this condition, often producing similar symptoms. These include pain and discomfort in the ankle and surrounding areas, and may be tender to the touch. To alleviate the pain, rest is typically suggested in addition to elevating the affected foot above heart level, which can help to reduce blood flow to the ankle. Recent research has suggested that when ankle exercises are performed, the foot generally becomes stronger when repeated frequently. These exercises may include gently rolling the ankle in a circular motion, and moving the ankle up and down. If you feel you are affected by tarsal tunnel syndrome, please consult with a podiatrist for additional information about how this condition is treated.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Shore Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Long Branch and Point Pleasant, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
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